What modulates our Sun? The majority of science work on the principle that the Sun is self modulating and each solar cycle is a product of a random number generator. There are others that suspect the Sun is modulated by the planets with a special emphasis on Uranus & Neptune. Thanks to Carl Smith who has recently left us we have new knowledge that significantly adds to Jose, Landscheidt & Charvàtovà's work.

Geoff Sharp

The L&P Effect is Debunked

Here is another way at looking at the data generated by Livingston & Penn (thanks to Leif Svalgaard). Also in this article there are many questions that need to be answered in relation to the measuring practice employed by Livingston & Penn.

Many thanks go to Carl's brother Dave for providing the Domain, Server and Software.