question

What modulates our Sun? The majority of science work on the principle that the Sun is self modulating and each solar cycle is a product of a random number generator. There are others that suspect the Sun is modulated by the planets with a special emphasis on Uranus & Neptune. Thanks to Carl Smith who has recently left us we have new knowledge that significantly adds to Jose, Landscheidt & Charvàtovà's work.

Geoff Sharp

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Updated: 14 min 18 sec ago

Cold coating streets in Saudi Arabia

Sun, 02/18/2018 - 14:15

“Heavy hail in Saudi Arabia,” says reader. “The translation is not perfect, but we get the picture.”

18 Feb 2018 – Cold coating streets of tattoo (?) and Sudair Riyadh. (with video)

The cold, at dawn on Sunday, the streets of the areas of tattoos and Sudair, which are located 180 km north of Riyadh.

There were also sporadic rains accompanied by cold on tattoos, including the province of Shakra and a number of its centers, followed by coral reefs and fire and thunder. (I have no idea what this means.)

See lots of photos:
https://www.slaati.com/2018/02/18/p1010296.html
https://www.slaati.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/b51d29f8-d33f-4d58-8e2f-236c5c8afe09.jpg
https://www.slaati.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/649d68ee-37e1-429d-b1ec-7be77f8edc64.jpg
https://www.slaati.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/0b9d9c96-170a-4f64-ba21-dc8fc06d41be.jpg
https://www.slaati.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/02b97f92-b2e6-4e4a-96d4-e764b985cba4.jpg
https://www.slaati.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/130c61a7-b73c-407f-b9b2-3565603cbeb7.jpg

Thanks to Argiris Diamantis for these links

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Winter storm warnings or advisories for 26 states

Sat, 02/17/2018 - 16:45

Parts of the Cascades could get three feet (1 meter) of snow.

Forecasts are calling for snow in parts of all of these areas: California, Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, South Dakota, North Dakota, Nebraska, Ohio, Kentucky, Virginia, North Carolina, Colorado, New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Delaware, New Jersey, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Washington, D.C.

This map may change by the time you look at it, but here’s what it looked like at 2:30 pm Pacific time on 17 Feb 2018.

http://www.weather.gov/

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Seal hunters come back empty-handed – Ice too thick

Sat, 02/17/2018 - 16:19

Thick ice blocks attempts to reach herds off Nova Scotia. ‘Catastrophic’ for grey seal hunters.

Thick ice on Gulf of St Lawrence – 8Feb18 – Photo courtesy Fisheries and Ocean Canada

8 Feb 2018 – Sealers on the Magdalen Islands usually haul in 2,000 grey seals in the short winter hunting season. This year, after two failed expeditions out on the Gulf of St. Lawrence, they did not bring back a single seal. They were not able to get past the thick ice.

http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/montreal/bad-season-seal-hunt-magdalen-islands-1.4526262

Thanks to Stephen Bird for this link

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Exceptional cold in Brazil – Large rice plantation losses feared

Sat, 02/17/2018 - 15:55

More cold-trend indications for Southern Hemisphere.
And another moderate to stronger polar mass for the season on days 22 – 26/Feb (South Brazil)

Very low temperature for the time of year at dawn and late night. Minimal; 10/17 ° C in most of the state, between 10/17 ° C in most of the coast and a good part of the Itajaí valley and between 3/6 ° C in several points of the top of the mountain, low and isolated frost valleys . Highs between 22/29 ° C in most of SC, 20/23 ° C at the top of the mountain / towns + of 1200/1300 m, between 33/36 ° C in isolated points of the western end. On the beaches between 23/26 ° C.

Many rice plantations on the south and upper middle coast of the Itajaí valley may have minimums between 10/14 ° C (those that have flowering or grain filling, may have large losses to totals). (Emphasis included in original article.)

http://saojoaquimonline.com.br/climaterra/2018/02/15/previsao-do-tempo-nos-dias-16-a-19-de-fevereiro-de-2018-e-tendencia-para-o-verao-2017-18/

First half of February totally out of the summer pattern, that is, mild or even cold. Map (link below) shows the negative deviation from the mean.

https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DWKu8JhW4AEiCwW?format=jpg

saojoaquimonline.com.br/climaterra

Thanks to Martin Siebert for these links

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2 to 4 feet of snow for Cascades

Sat, 02/17/2018 - 15:27

This on top of the 1 foot of snow on Thursday night and the 2 feet of snow on Friday. There’s so much snow that chains are required on Interstate 90 (4-wheel drive is not enough).

Actually, chains won’t do much good right now, because westbound I-90 is closed right now due to multiple collisions and spin outs. ( https://www.wsdot.com/traffic/trafficalerts/default.aspx?refnum=307333&action=2&aw=1  )
_____________________

National Weather Service Spokane WA
Feb 17 2018

…Moderate to heavy snow expected today and Sunday over portions of the Inland Northwest…

A strong and wetter storm system will arrive Saturday morning, delivering snow at times through Sunday. Heavy snow accumulations are possible in the mountains and valleys of northeast and north-central Washington and over much of the Idaho Panhandle. At times, this snow will be accompanied by strong winds over the mountains.

…WINTER STORM WARNING UNTIL 6 PM PST SUNDAY…

* WHAT…Heavy snow expected. Total snow accumulations of 8 to 14 inches, with mountain accumulations of 2 to 4 feet likely near the crest.

* WHERE…Leavenworth, Mazama, Twisp, Winthrop, Stehekin, Conconully, Blewett Pass, and Loup Loup Pass. Most of the valley snow is expected to occur over the upper portions of Lake Chelan and the upper Methow Valley.

* WHEN…Until 6 PM PST Sunday.

* ADDITIONAL DETAILS…Travel will be very difficult to impossible in areas of heavy snow. Winds gusting as high as 30 to 40 over the mountains will also lead to areas of blowing and drifting snow on Saturday afternoon and evening. Local gusts over 50 mph is possible south of Lake Chelan. Another round of wind and blowing and drifting snow is possible on Sunday.

http://www.weather.gov/sew/

Thanks to Kenneth Lund for this link

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Overheated claims on temperature records

Fri, 02/16/2018 - 18:25

“Most basic assumptions underlying climate concerns are either in doubt or simply wrong” – Dr. Tim Ball and Tom Harris
___________________

“Over and over, we are confronted with claims that last month or last year was “the warmest on record.” says Paul Driessen. “Each claim is accompanied by dire warnings that the alleged new records portend “unprecedented” chaos for wildlife, humans and planet.”

“Virtually never do these scary press releases mention that the supposed change is mere hundredths of a degree higher than previous measurements. Never do they admit that the margin of error in these measurements is far greater than the supposed increase.  Never do they suggest that a little more warmth would be infinitely better than a colder world, with less arable land and shorter growing seasons. And most certainly, never do they admit to the massive deficiencies in the system that supposedly tracks Earth’s temperature … and always blames any increases on humans and fossil fuels.”

“This article by Dr. Tim Ball and Tom Harris points out all these highly relevant but often (deliberately) ignored realities.”
_________________________

Overheated claims on temperature records

It’s time for sober second thoughts on climate alarms

By Dr. Tim Ball and Tom Harris

Now that the excitement has died down over the news that Earth’s surface temperature made 2017 one of the hottest years on record, it is time for sober second thoughts.

Did the January 18 announcement by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) that 2017 was our planet’s third-hottest year since 1880, and NASA’s claim that it was the second hottest year, actually mean anything?

Thank goodness we have been in a gradual warming trend since the depths of the Little Ice Age

Although the Los Angeles Times called 2017 “a top-three scorcher for planet Earth,” neither the NOAA nor the NASA records are significant. One would naturally expect the warmest years to come during the most recent years of a warming trend. And thank goodness we have been in a gradual warming trend since the depths of the Little Ice Age in the late 1600s! Back then, the River Thames was covered by a meter of ice, as Jan Grifier’s 1683 painting “The Great Frost’ illustrates.

Regardless, recent changes have been too small for even most thermometers to notice. More important, they are often less than the government’s estimates of uncertainty in the measurements. In fact, we lack the data to properly and scientifically compare today’s temperatures with the past.

This is because, until the 1960s, surface temperature data was collected using mercury thermometers located at weather stations situated mostly in the United States, Japan, the United Kingdom and eastern Australia. Most of the rest of the planet had very few temperature sensing stations. And none of the Earth’s oceans, which constitute 70 percent of the planet’s surface area, had more than an occasional station separated from its neighbors by thousands of kilometers or miles.

The data collected at the weather stations in this sparse grid had, at best, an accuracy of +/-0.5 degrees Celsius (0.9 degrees Fahrenheit). In most cases, the real-world accuracy was no better than +/-1 deg C (1.8 deg F). Averaging such poor data in an attempt to determine global conditions cannot yield anything meaningful. Displaying average global temperature to tenths or even hundreds of a degree, as is done in the NOAA and NASA graphs, clearly defies common sense.

Modern weather station surface temperature data is now collected using precision thermocouples. But, starting in the 1970s, less and less ground surface temperature data was used for plots such as those by NOAA and NASA. This was done initially because governments believed satellite monitoring could take over from most of the ground surface data collection.

Satellites did not show the desired warming so bureaucrats closed most of the colder sensing stations thereby yielding the desired warming

However, the satellites did not show the warming forecast by computer models, which had become so crucial to climate studies and energy policy-making. So bureaucrats closed most of the colder rural surface temperature sensing stations – the ones furthest from much warmer urban areas – thereby yielding the warming desired for political purposes.

Today, virtually no data exist for approximately 85 percent of the earth’s surface. Indeed, fewer weather stations are in operation now than in 1960.

Computations by NOAA and NASA after about 1980 are meaningless

That means surface temperature computations by NOAA and NASA after about 1980 are meaningless. Combining this with the problems with earlier data renders an unavoidable conclusion: It is not possible to know how Earth’s so-called average surface temperature has varied over the past century and a half.

The data is therefore useless for input to the computer models that form the basis of policy recommendations produced by the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and used to justify eliminating fossil fuels, and replacing them with renewable energy.

But the lack of adequate surface data is only the start of the problem. The computer models on which the climate scare is based are mathematical constructions that require the input of data above the surface, as well as on it. The models divide the atmosphere into cubes piled on top of each other, ideally with wind, humidity, cloud cover and temperature conditions known for different altitudes. But we currently have even less data above the surface than on it, and there is essentially no historical data at altitude.

Many people think the planet is adequately covered by satellite observations, data that represents global 24/7 coverage and is far more accurate than anything determined at weather stations. But the satellites are unable to collect data from the north and south poles, regions that the IPCC, NOAA and NASA tout as critical to understanding global warming. Besides, space-based temperature data collection did not start until 1979, and 30 years of weather data are required to generate a single data point on a climate graph.

So the satellite record is far too short to allow us to come to useful conclusions about climate change.

In fact, there is insufficient data of any kind – temperature, land and sea ice, glaciers, sea level, extreme weather, ocean pH,  and so on – to be able to determine how today’s climate differs from the past. Lacking such fundamental data, climate forecasts cited by climate activists therefore have no connection with the real world.

British Professor Hubert Lamb is often identified as the founder of modern climatology. In his comprehensive 1972 treatise, Climate: Past, Present and Future, he clearly showed that it is not possible to understand climate change without having vast amounts of accurate weather data over long time frames. Lamb also noted that funding for improving the weather database was dwarfed by money being spent on computer models and theorizing. He warned that this would result in wild and unsubstantiated theories and assertions, while predictions failed to improve. That is precisely what happened.

Each and every prediction made by the computer models cited by the IPCC have turned out to be incorrect.

Indeed, the first predictions they made for the IPCC’s 1990 Assessment Report were so wrong that the panel started to call them “projections” and offered low, medium and high “confidence” ranges for future guesstimates, which journalists, politicians and others nevertheless treated as reliable predictions for future weather and climate.

IPCC members seemed to conclude that, if they provided a broad enough range of forecasts, one was bound to be correct. Yet, even that was too optimistic. All three ranges predicted by the IPCC have turned out to be wrong.

US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator Scott Pruitt is right to speak about the need for a full blown public debate among scientists about the causes and consequences of climate change. In his February 6 television interview on KSNV, an NBC affiliate in Las Vegas, Mr. Pruitt explained:

“There are very important questions around the climate issue that folks really don’t get to. And that’s one of the reasons why I’ve talked about having an honest, open, transparent debate about what do we know, and what don’t we know, so the American people can be informed and they can make decisions on their own with respect to these issues.”

On January 30, Pruitt told the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee that a “red team-blue team exercise” (an EPA-sponsored debate between climate scientists holding differing views) is under consideration. It is crucially important that such a debate take place.

Most basic assumptions underlying climate concerns are either in doubt or simply wrong

The public needs to understand that even the most basic assumptions underlying climate concerns are either in doubt or simply wrong. The campaign to force America, Canada, Europe and the rest of the world to switch from abundant and affordable coal and other fossil fuels – to expensive, unreliable, land intensive alternatives – supposedly to control Earth’s always fluctuating climate, will then finally be exposed for what it really is: the greatest, most damaging hoax in history.

Dr. Tim Ball is an environmental consultant and former climatology professor at the University of Winnipeg in Manitoba. Tom Harris is executive director of the Ottawa, Canada-based International Climate Science Coalition.

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Extreme cold in Mongolia

Fri, 02/16/2018 - 17:55

15 Feb 2018 – “In Mongolia, I’ve met herders fighting to keep their animals alive in an extremely harsh winter that magnifies the struggles of an already vulnerable population,” said Gwendolyn Pang, head of IFRC in East Asia.

Severe winter conditions called Dzud have followed a summer drought, leaving millions of animals at risk of starvation in Mongolia. Without the animals as a source of income, food and transport, herders and their families will remain trapped in severe conditions with a lack of basic health care and social services, or forced to migrate to Ulaanbaatar and live in extreme poverty.

http://media.ifrc.org/ifrc/press-release/ifrc-announces-help-extreme-cold-mongolia/

Thanks to Argiris Diamantis for this link

“Somehow the MSM has missed this news item,” says Argiris.

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Is Arctic sea ice really disappearing?

Thu, 02/15/2018 - 17:08

Have you heard the latest one? Polar bears are supposedly starving because Arctic sea ice has declined by 50 percent in the last 30 years.

That sea-ice decline is also supposed to (somehow) cause record cold temperatures (somewhere).

Trouble is, this image from the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) clearly shows quite the contrary.

Extent of Arctic Sea Ice – Jan 2018 – NSIDC

The white area shows Arctic sea-ice extent as of January, 2018.

The magenta line shows the 30-year median sea-ice extent for January.

Not exactly the catastrophic ice loss that we’ve been lead to believe, is it?

https://nsidc.org/data/seaice_index

I captured the above image from the NSIDC website today, 15 Feb 2018.

.

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Spring on hold in the UK

Thu, 02/15/2018 - 16:20

Britain was hit by freezing temperatures as the mercury plunged to bone-chilling lows over the last week, with lows of -6.4C recorded in Shoreham on Thursday.

13 Feb 2018 – On Wednesday, the mercury fell to -9.9C in Shap, Cumbria, overnight and to -7.6C in Sennybridge.

Yellow weather warnings were issued for snow and ice for Scotland, north-west England, Wales, and south-west England for Tuesday.

https://www.google.com.au/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://www.express.co.uk/news/weather/917808/UK-weather-when-does-weather-get-warmer-UK-when-does-Spring-start&ved=2ahUKEwjdx7vjlKLZAhVC12MKHcYICkIQFjABegQICBAB&usg=AOvVaw0iR5uwyEHJnuSurbgFidpV

Thanks to David Grissim for this link

“Seems spring is on hold,” says David

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Going into a Maunder Minimum Mini Ice Age – Video

Thu, 02/15/2018 - 16:06

Total Solar Irradiance (TSI) is dropping.

 

Falling total solar irradiance means we are entering a cooling period on Earth.

Rather than ‘global warming,’ what we really need to think about is the impact on agriculture.

Video from Adapt 2030.

Also see:
New Science 22: Solar TSI leads Earth’s temperature with an 11 year delay
http://joannenova.com.au/2016/02/new-science-22-solar-tsi-leads-earths-temperature-with-an-11-year-delay/

Thanks to Jack Hydrazine for this video and the link

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Cold and frost in southern Brazil in the height of summer

Thu, 02/15/2018 - 15:21

The tenth frost of the 2017/2018 summer season.

15 Feb 2018 – The city of São Joaquim registered the third frost of February this morning, Thursday the 15th.

Temperature has dropped to as low as 3,9°C (39°F) in some localities throughout the mountainregion this morning.

The low temperature was registered in Vale do Caminhos da Neve, about 3km from the center of São Joaquim.

http://saojoaquimonline.com.br/2018/02/15/com-3-9c-sao-joaquim-assinala-mais-uma-geada-de-verao/

Thanks to Wagner for this link

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Japan – Underwater supervolcano stirring to life

Thu, 02/15/2018 - 05:04

A giant lava bubble is expanding at Kikai volcano, a supervolcano just 31 miles south of Japan’s main island of Kyushu.

More than 31 cubic kilometers (7.4 cubic miles) of lava have shoved the seabed up around 2,000 feet, creating a giant dome with a diameter of about six miles.

The rising dome, with its peak is now less than 100 feet (30 m) below the ocean’s surface, is estimated to contain a much more immense volume of lava than the Yellowstone or Long Valley calderas.

 

The area also contains active hydrothermal springs and dense streams of gas bubbling up from the sea bed.

“The most serious problem that we are worrying about is not an eruption of this lava dome, but the occurrence of the next supereruption,” said Yoshiyuki Tatsumi a volcanologist at Kobe University in Japan and lead author of the new study published in Nature Scientific Reports.

Dr. Tatsumi thinks the chances of a supereruption in the within the next 100 years are only about 1 percent. But when that eruption comes, it could eject nearly 10 cubic miles of magma (not ash, but magma!), enough to cover almost all of Japan in ash nearly eight inches thick, he found.

Researchers say such an eruption could kill some 100 million people who live within its fallout zone, which includes the cities of Nagasaki, Hiroshima and Osaka.

Such an eruption would also have a serious effect on global climate. Temperatures would plunge and crops would fail.

Kikai has exploded catastrophically before. Japanese volcanologists have found evidence of an eruption of 500 cubic kilometres (120 cubic miles!) of magma some 7,300 years ago (the Akahoya eruption), another about 95,000 years ago, and yet another about 140,000 years ago.

(Look at this graph on one of my previous posts: Temperatures plummeted about 7,300 years ago.)

“The post-caldera activity is regarded as the preparation stage to the next super-eruption,” Tatsumi told Live Science, “not as the calming-down stage from the previous super-eruption.”

See video:
https://www.msn.com/en-us/video/tunedin/a-supervolcano-near-japan-seems-to-be-building-up-for-an-eruption/vi-BBJ8EUW

http://www.news.com.au/technology/environment/natural-wonders/kikai-supervolcano-rising-lava-dome-reveals-magma-pressure-is-rising-beneath-japan/news-story/d0398a120cc96ddb0bcbb74ed8796960

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-21066-w

 

______________
Although you may not have heard of it before, Kikai is already considered an active volcano. Minor eruptions occur frequently on Mount Iō on the island of Iōjima, which lies on the caldera rim.

The most recent eruptions occurred in 2001, 1982, 1980, 1978, 1976, 1974?, 1969?, 1967, 1957 and 1943.

Kikai Caldera was the source of the Akahoya eruption, one of the largest eruptions during the last twelve thousand years.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kikai_Caldera

Thanks to Laurel and several others for these links

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Frigid temperatures kill 53 in Taiwan

Wed, 02/14/2018 - 15:48

“More possible deaths feared as mercury set to plunge further”

Before you read this, let me say that I find it very hard to believe that 10°C (50°F) weather would kill anyone. Be that as it may, the following was published on Taiwan News on January 31.

As temperatures plummeted to 10° to 12°C (50 to 53.6 F)  in all parts north of Tainan, 53 people lost their lives to the bitter cold yesterday. More lives are at risk as an intense cold surge is set to arrive on Saturday.

A major cold surge is set to strike Taiwan, causing the mercury in all points north of central Taiwan to drop down to 6 to 7 degrees (42.8 to 44.6F). During this period, Hehuanshan, Taipingshan, Lalashan, Qixingshan, and Datunshan are all likely to see snowfall.

Central to northern Taiwan will see the mercury plunge to 8 degrees, and open areas could see the temperature drop to as low as one to two degrees (33.8 to 35.6F).

Mountainous areas above 1,000 meters are likely to see snow, including Qixingshan and Datunshan from Saturday until Monday.

“The drop in temperatures can cause an increased likelihood of sudden death,” the article continues.

As I said, I find this very hard to believe.

However, the article proceeds to quote Taipei Medical University Director of Critical Care Medicine Kao Wei-feng, who said that 95 percent of sudden deaths brought on by cold weather are related to heart ailments. Cold temperatures increase the possibility of high blood pressure, myocardial infarction, and heart failure. Kao advised those at risk individuals experiencing unusual chest tightness, chest pain or upper abdominal pain to seek immediate medical attention.

See entire article:
https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/3352303

Thanks to Glenn Cuthbert for this link

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More snow for southern Morocco

Wed, 02/14/2018 - 11:00

It has not snowed in Ouarzazate in more than 40 years, but today (7 Feb 2018), “Ouarzazate is coated in brilliant white and its Sahara Desert is buried under  40 centimeters (15.7 inches) of snow.”

Zoubir Bouhout, Director of Local Tourism Office (CRT) in Ouarzazate, told Morocco World News that there will be “positive and negative impacts on the area.”

“There are some difficulties that snow is presenting for now, such as blocked roads to Marrakech, Tichka, Sekkoura, Tinghir, and others that lead in and out of the region,” said Bouhout.

However, Bouthout continued, “(it) will fill Ouarzazate’s El Mansour Eddahabi dam and provide potable water for inhabitants as well as supplementary water for farming.”

Quarzazate – Courtesy Wikipedia

Nicknamed The door of the desert, Ouarzazateis a city in south-central Morocco. Ouarzazate stands at an elevation of 1,160 metres (3,810 ft). To the south of the town is the desert.

Ouarzazate, Morocco Under Snow: Winter Wonderland

Earth.nullschool 3-hour precipitation accumulation 08Feb2018 0000Z
(the green ring is the location of Ouarzazate).

EOSDIS Worldview Morocco 08Feb18

Station Téléphérique Oukaïmeden, Morocco

Thanks to Philip Mulholland for these links

See also: First snowfall ever in parts of Morocco
https://www.iceagenow.info/first-snowfall-ever-parts-morocco/

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Heavy snowfall crippling northern Pakistan

Tue, 02/13/2018 - 21:41

13 Feb 2018 – More than 800 vehicles stranded. No food. No water.

Vehicles were stranded on the roads in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa on the second consecutive day, with passengers facing shortage of food and other necessities.

One of the tourists, who was staying at a hotel near Nathiagali, said there was no food or water at the facility.

“The hotel [management] is saying shops around their facility are closed which is why they cannot get us food,” she told Geo News. “They have lavatories but there is no water here.”

People have lost contact with their relatives as there is no electricity to charge their mobile phones and other devices.

https://www.geo.tv/latest/181706-heavy-snowfall-continues-to-cripple-life-in-northern-areas

Stranded vehicles in Shangla district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
https://www.geo.tv/assets/uploads/updates/2018-02-13/181706_9680486_updates.jpg

(With video)
LAHORE: Chief Minister (CM) of Punjab Shehbaz Sharif on Monday night issued orders to rescue stranded citizens in northern parts of the country after a heavy rain and snowfall paralysed movement in parts of Azad Kashmir, Nathia Gali in Abbottabad, and Galyat, stranding at least 800 vehicles and hundreds of citizens.

Stranded tourists, including women and children, had earlier appealed to the authorities to provide urgent rescue service.

At least 800 stranded vehicles formed long lines on roads blocked by piles of snow due to heavy snowfall that also blocked land routes to Islamabad from four districts of Azad Kashmir.

https://www.geo.tv/latest/181599-at-least-800-vehicles-stranded-in-muzaffarabad-due-to-heavy-snowfall

Thanks to Argiris Diamantis for these links

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Killer snowfall in Japan – Five times more than average

Tue, 02/13/2018 - 21:28

By 5 p.m. Monday, the city of Fukui saw 3 feet (92 cm) of snow, five times more than an average year. The cities of Toyama and Niigata marked 52 cm and 24 cm of snow, respectively.

13 Feb 2018 – At least five people died in prefectures facing the Sea of Japan and elsewhere as heavy snowfall hit the areas Monday, according to a Kyodo News tally.

Heavy snowfall is expected to continue in Sea of Japan coastal areas through Tuesday.

https://japantoday.com/category/national/5-die-as-snowfall-hits-sea-of-japan-coast

Impressive photo:
A woman walks during heavy snow in Fukui on Monday.
https://japantoday-asset.scdn3.secure.raxcdn.com/img/store/a0/e5/9e4105b14d82c5ae2d9ee7792b06deb02cbe/fukuisnow/_w850.jpg

Thanks to Argiris Diamantis for these links

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If Yellowstone erupts, “climate shift” would be the least of our worries

Tue, 02/13/2018 - 17:39

The loss of the ENTIRE “bread basket” of North America (think zero corn or wheat… for starters)

__________________

Yellowstone “climate shift” would be the least of our worries

By E. M. Smith

Wiping out most everyone north of Texas and East of California would probably rank higher…

Ash would be FEET thick as far as Nebraska and deep enough in Chicago to kill of most folks. Even NYC and DC would likely be ashed up enough to cause massive respiratory disease.

Then the loss of the ENTIRE “bread basket” of North America (think zero corn or wheat… for starters) would be a big issue for anyone who survived the first blasts.

Yeah, anyone who made it to year 2 might care about how hot or cold it was, but frankly, without a functioning USA government, food supply, military, transport system, or energy system; not many folks will get through the first winter anyway.

How many people today in North Texas could survive without heating / AC / medical care / grocery stores / gasoline / and municipal water? In a minus-whatever winter?

Pretty much the “safe zone” is most of California maybe up to Washington coastal areas, then down across the very south of the south west and along the gulf coast to Florida. Even there, if the wind shifts you get some ash. Folks in Florida can likely survive by fishing and eating ‘gators; as long as the S. Americans and Mexicans are nice to them.

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Yellowstone super eruption would cause a ‘climate shift’

Tue, 02/13/2018 - 16:52

We’d be talking instantaneous ice age.

Yellowstone is “under strain” according to a group of seismologists monitoring the volcano.
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Seismologists from UNAVCO, a nonprofit university-governed consortium, are using “Global Positioning System, borehole tiltmeters, and borehole strainmeters” to measure minute changes in deformation at Yellowstone.

These strainmeters are extremely sensitive, so sensitive that they can record surface waves on Yellowstone Lake.

In an article for the Billings Gazette, David Mencin and Glen Mattioli, geodesists with UNAVCO, say “the strain signal is larger than would be expected if the crust under Yellowstone were completely solid”.

However, they add “these findings are no cause for alarm.”

A Yellowstone supervolcanic eruption “could could be a staggering 6,000 times as powerful as the one from Washington’s Mount St Helens in 1980,” says express.co.uk.

If such an eruption should occur, “a climate shift would ensue as the volcano would spew massive amounts of sulphur dioxide into the atmosphere, which can form a sulphur aerosol that reflects and absorbs sunlight.”

http://billingsgazette.com/news/state-and-regional/montana/yellowstone-is-under-strain-and-it-can-be-measured/article_f1ad8977-d021-526e-86ce-903ae9dd789a.html

https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/918315/Yellowstone-ERUPTION-volcano-Supervolcano-STRAIN-magma-chamber-pressure

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Arctic Brrrrreaking Cold Records

Tue, 02/13/2018 - 16:40

I wonder how much Arctic ice is melting at minus 65 degrees.

_______________________________

When temperatures drop below -60 C, just about everyone will stay home and not risk going outside and expose skin. Schools in Rankin Inlet, Nunavut, on the northwestern shore of Hudson Bay, have therefore remained closed for the past few days.

“I don’t remember the last time we actually closed due to weather. This is a bit of an extreme,” said Mike Osmond, chair of the Rankin Inlet District Education Authority. Temperatures are running almost 15 degrees colder than normal.

Temperatures are getting to –40 C (-40 F) before the windchill and when the winds are factored in, it feels colder than –60 C.

“You’ve got blustery winds with some of the coldest temperatures that people have ever experienced,” said David Phillips, senior climatologist with Environment Canada.

http://churchillpolarbears.org/2018/02/arctic-weather-brrrrreaking-records/

Thanks to TomOMason for this link

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Great Lakes ice cover reached 69.1% on Saturday

Tue, 02/13/2018 - 16:24

According to WOOD TV in Grand Rapids, Michigan, “(That’) only the 2nd time that we have had that much ice cover on the Great Lakes in the last 24 years (the other time was 2014).”

“The first 11 days of Feb. were 6.3 deg. colder than average in Grand Rapids, 7.3 deg. colder than avg. in Milwaukee and 8.0 deg. colder than average in Chicago.”

http://woodtv.com/blog/2018/02/12/great-lakes-now-69-1-ice-covered/

Thanks to Ron994 for this link

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